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Prof David M. Paterson
Paterson, Prof David M.: [Group PI] Executive Director of MASTS:
The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland

tel: 01334 463472 (Sec)
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room: 1.11
email: dp1@st-andrews.ac.uk

Ecology, biodiversity and dynamics of coastal systems

 

Research on the ecology and dynamics of coastal systems with a strong focus on the biodiversity-ecosystem function debate. This work is supported by extensive field studies and laboratory mesocosms often using multiple stressors. This adds aspects of climate change research including the combined effects of temperature and CO2 on system response. The primary productivity of coastal systems is an important funcional response and  is also under investigation using flux chambers and PAM fluorescence techniques. This work includes interdisciplinary study of "biogenic stabilisation" by microphytobenthos, through the extracellular polymers produced by microbial biofilms that increase the critical threshold force for sediment re-suspension. We have also developed novel techniques to measure the stability of sediments in situ, the relative adhesion capacity of different surfaces and  the structural analysis of sediments by low-temperature scanning electron microscopy. Recently, we have aslo been examining the effects of ocean acidiication on benthic biogeochemistry and on the ecology and feeding behaviour of calcified foraminifera. 

[source: research@st-andrews]

Research on the ecology and dynamics of coastal and estuarine systems. I am interested in the biodiversity and functional ecology and dynamics of coastal systems: the so-called biodiversity/ecosystem function debate (BEF). This includes research into the primary productivity of marine microbes (microbial mats and biofilms). The resiliance of coastal systems in the face of global change, their funtional variability and the services they provide are key areas of investigation. Part of my interest in ecosystem function includes the interdisciplinary study of "biogenic stabilisation", defined as an increase in the critical threshold force for sediment re-suspension brought about by biological activity and have recently developed a magnetic particle induction technique to measure the adhesive nature of natural surfaces (MagPI) I have also developed techniques to measure the stability of sediments in situ and other methods to allow microspatial discrimination (100 um scale) of the physical (density, porosity, mineralogy) and biological (pigments, organics, polymeric substances, microbes) properties of cohesive sediments. In cooperation with other groups, I have also been involved with: The modelling of biogenic effects on sediment erosion and transport; light climate and primary productivity in cohesive sediments using PAM fluorescence; and the impact of multiple stressors on benthic and microbial systems. We are now using molecular techniques (NGS) to examine the response of sediment bacteria in microcosm experiments to the influence of ecosystem engineering activity by infauna, in a contribution to the "niche construction" debate. I have also recently contributed to the evidence surrounding the debate concerning the decommissioning of oil and gas platforms in the North Sea (http://doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsy130).

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Dr Andrew Blight
Blight, Dr Andrew: Laboratory Manager/Research Fellow

tel: 01334 463483
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Dr Andrew Blight
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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Sediment Ecology Research Group
School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute

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I am the laboratory manager for the Sediment Ecology Research Group (SERG). I am responsible for coordinating much of the research, training, teaching and administration within the group. I also coordinate the BL3000 Field Course module and teach on a number of other undergraduate and postgraduate modules within the School of Biology: BL1102 Biology 2, BL3308 Aquatic Ecology, BL3318 Biology of Marine Organisms, BL4201 Experimental Research Project and BL5304 Ecosystem-based Management of Marine Systems.


Prior to this I was a Research Fellow working on VECTORS; a large EU FP7 funded project which Finished in February 2015 (www.marine-vectors.eu). It consisted of 37 project partners from a variety of research institutions across Europe. The project set out to elucidate the drivers and pressures that cause change in marine life, the mechanisms by which they do so, their impacts on ecosystem structures and functioning and on the economics of associated marine sectors and society. It particularly focused on causes and consequences of invasive alien species, outbreak forming species and changes in fish distribution and productivity. I was directly involved with Work Package 3.1 which is split into three sections: systematic reviews on the impacts of macroalgal blooms and invasive ecosystem engineers; Biological Traits Analysis (BTA) which examined the link between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning; a case study which examined the impact of the invasive Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) on sediment ecosystems.

[source: Symbiosis]

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Dr Melanie Chocholek
Chocholek, Dr Melanie: Research Technician

tel: 01334 463483
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room: 1.10
email: mc422@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Melanie Chocholek
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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Sediment Ecology Research Group
School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute

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I am a post doctoral research technician, my role is to support the members of SERG and specifically to assist with lab and field work for two of the current research projects. BLUE-coast which investigates the sensitivity in the response of coastal transitional zone ecosystems to changes in external forcings through the contribution coupled bio-physical sediment processes make in mediating morphological change. The second ‘Extended Evolutionary Synthesis’ project is funded by the John Templeton Foundation, it investigates niche construction, by macrofaunal ecosystem engineers, in contributing to the stabilisation of selective pressures within estuarine sediments and the resulting impact enhanced niche separation has on the genetic trajectories of clinically important ARB and natural estuarine bacteria.

I have an undergraduate degree geology and a second in environmental science with ecology, which led into an MRes in environmental biology (researching microbial ecosystem engineering within estuarine sediment) and onto an interdisciplinary PhD (bio-geomorphology) where I investigated response of an estuarine ecosystem to climate change.

Prior to my current role, I contributed to the survey of the voluntary MPA along the coast of north Northumberland; acquiring & processing bathymetry and sonar data, along-side processing ground-truth data for habitat assessment.

Until recently I had been working simultaneously on two very different contracts with the University; for one I worked as part of a very small team within the department of Earth and Environmental Sciences working on an EMFF funded project ‘Scottish Inshore Fisheries Integrated Data System’ (SIFIDS), led by the University of St Andrews - Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTS) and Marine Scotland. My role was to research and review existing survey methodologies for the quantification of scallop (Pecten maximus) population densities in Scottish coastal waters and further contribute to developing a revised method for remotely estimating population density. The other project aimed to quantify the land-atmosphere greenhouse gas balance of oil palm plantations planted on tropical peat in Sarawak, Borneo; this project followed directly on from a CBESS (Coastal Biodiversity & Ecosystem Service Sustainability) project. My role in CBESS involved extensive field work campaigns within a large collaborative project to assess coastal ecosystem function over a number of national tidally inundated saltmarshes within the UK. Alongside the main campaign I was additionally involved the continuous monitoring, through Eddy Covariance, of two of these saltmarshes representing east and west coastal regimes.

Conference Absracts / Papers

2016 Clement, R., Hill, T., Chocholek, M., Blei, E. and Williams, M., 2016, April. Field scale fluxes and uncertainties of CO2 and energy from a managed pasture in Scotland. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 18, p. 15983). https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2016/EGU2016-15983.pd

2010 Microbial Engineers in Aquatic Habitats. Sabine U. Gerbersdorf , Melanie Chocholek, Helen Lubarsky, Silke Wieprecht.(2010). International Association Hydrological Research Conference Paper. Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh.

2009 Biostabilisation: consequences for sediment stability and floc entrainment & transport. Sabine U. Gerbersdorf, Melanie Chocholek, Helen Lubarsky, Bernhard Westrich, David M. Paterson (2009).6th International SedNet Conference Paper. Hamburg, Germany. https://sednet.org/download/S-Gerbersdorf-abstract.pdf

[source: Symbiosis]

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Dr Emma Defew
Defew, Dr Emma: Research Fellow

tel: 01334 463470
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room: 1.9
email: ecd2@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Emma Defew
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute
Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland

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Employment details

I am the Programme Co-ordinator for the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland. Find out more at www.masts.ac.uk

The Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland (MASTS) is a pooling consortium of organisations engaged in marine science and represents the majority of Scotland's marine research capacity. The core members of MASTS are the Universities of St Andrews, Stirling, Aberdeen, Strathclyde, Glasgow, Highlands & Islands, Edinburgh Napier and Heriot Watt, together with Marine Scotland Science (a governmental department). Three further universities (Dundee, Edinburgh and the West of Scotland), a privately funded marine laboratory (St Abbs) and Scottish Natural Heritage (an NGO) are associate members. I work across and on behalf of all these organisations and institutions. MASTS has also recently formed a company – MAST-Scotland – which is a Company Limited by Guarantee with charitable status. Through this company MASTS can now act as a lead organisation on grant proposals, issue its own contracts and handle funding sources.

My role in MASTS is that of Programme Coordinator, where I provide day-to-day higher level administrative support together with coordinating, managing and delivering specific projects and programmes of work. I work within the MASTS Directorate and with the wider MASTS community to bring about a new approach to delivering marine science in Scotland.Examples of specific duties include:

? Organisation and running of the MASTS Annual Science Meeting and associated workshops

? Administration of the Centre of Research Expertise for Water (CREW) HEI Procurement process

? Acting as Secretariat for the MASTS Governance structures

? Organisation and running of the MASTS Grant Schemes

? Being an initial point of contact for the MASTS community

? Responsibility for elements of the MASTS Graduate School (i.e. Internships, Making the Most of Masters, and organisation of the Annual Retreat, short courses and training)

? Communication to the MASTS community via the website, Kelpie newsletter, webinars, and email lists

? Communication outwith the MASTS community (i.e. Annual reports to the SFC, coordination of outreach activities)

Other roles I have had include:

1) Being an Associate Scientist for SOI Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of the University of St Andrews which offers a range of services that provide customers with the best information available for the management of marine and coastal resources by industry, government and NGOs. I have experience designing and managing research projects, ranging from small scale monitoring studies to large-scale interdisciplinary partnership projects. I work in freshwater, estuarine and marine environments.

2) I have project management skills and experience of working with sub-contractors and executive management groups at both UK and European levels.

3) I have excellent event management experience. As well as being responsible for the MASTS Annual Science Meeting which is now the largest gathering of marine scientists in the UK, I was a member of the organising committee for the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity. This conference was held at the Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre, 26-30 September 2011, and attracted over 1000 abstracts.

4) I am was the Post-doctoral Scientist working on the UK Ocean Acidification Programme, specifically in the “Impacts of ocean acidification on key benthic ecosystems, communities, habitats, species and life cycles” project. My role in the benthic acidification consortium was to assess the changes in structure and activity of surface biofilms and microphytobenthos assemblages to elevated carbon dioxide and temperature. I also assisted in the coordination of Aim 3, which determined the effects of ocean acidification on the overall function of key benthic habitats. www.oceanacidification.org.uk/

5) I was the Post-doctoral Scientist involved in the EU funded VECTORS project that investigated the drivers, pressures and vectors that cause change in marine life, the mechanisms by which they do so, and the impacts that they have on ecosystem structures and functioning, and on the economics of associated marine sectors and society. I assisted in the coordination of Work Package 1 which was a desk top review exercise to identify, prioritise and quantify direct and indirect pressures for change in European and Regional Seas. I was also involved in Work Package 3 which investigated the impacts of change on ecosystem structure and functioning. www.marine-vectors.eu/

6) I am a member of the Sediment Ecology Research Group and use field observations and manipulative experiments to address issues relating to benthic ecosystems. I am particularly interested in the ecophysiology and community dynamics of microphytobenthos to a variety of environmental variables and how this can affect sediment stability. For example, previous research has investigated the influence of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations on a natural estuarine microphytobenthic assemblage. As a member of SERG I am involved in helping undergraduate and PhD students, occasional lecturing, teaching on field trips, and paper writing.

[source: Symbiosis]

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Harkins, Ms Tanya: MASTS Finance Controller

tel: 01334 463613
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Ms Tanya Harkins
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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School of Biology
Scottish Oceans Institute

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Dr Rebecca Kinnear (née Aspden)
Kinnear (née Aspden), Dr Rebecca: SOTEAG Executive Officer

tel: 01334 463613
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email: rja4@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Rebecca Kinnear (née Aspden)
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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General Information

My role is to manage the Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group.

For more than three decades, SOTEAG has continued to look after the interests of the environment around Shetland’s Sullom Voe Terminal and Port. It is recognised globally as a pioneering, world-class model of integrated coastal management based on its independent scientific monitoring and expert advice.

Today, SOTEAG’s role remains both relevant and essential – not only to assure the preservation of Sheltand’s natural heritage, but also to share with the rest of the world its experience of environmentally responsible industrial activity in a distinctive cultural setting and sensitive natural environment.

Please browse our website to find out more about SOTEAG and the crucial monitoring work that is carried out: https://www.soteag.org.uk/

History

Previously I was PDRA and Laboratory Manager for SERG. I have a PhD in Marine Ecology from the University St Andrews and a BSc in Coastal and Marine Ecology from the University Plymouth. During august 2000 I carried out an internship at the Alfred Wegner Institute in Sylt, Germany, studying the effects of a tube building polycheate reef on the sediment and faunal diversities within and surrounding it.
I worked for a marine and freshwater consultancy agency (Unicomarine Ltd) prior to joining SERG. During this time I was involved in the identification of invertebrate fauna found within samples taken for various projects. These contracts were undertaken for many different reasons including port development and dredging, coastal protection, fishery studies, and habitat surveys.

Publication record

Aspden, R. J., Vardy, S., Perkins, R.G., Davidson, I.R., Bates, R., and Paterson, D.M. 2004. The effects of clam fishing on the properties of surface sediments in the lagoon of Venice, Italy. Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, 8(2):160-169.

Aspden, R. J., Vardy, S., and Paterson, D.M. 2004. Salt Marsh Microbial Ecology: Microbes, Benthic Mats and Sediments Movement. The Ecogeomorphology of Tidal Marshes : Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series (AGU). Editors – Fagherazzi, S., Marani, M., and Blum, L.K.

F. Bulleri ; L. Benedetti-Cecchi ; M. Cusson ; E. Maggi ; F. Arenas ; R. J. Aspden ; I. Bertocci ; T. P. Crowe ; D. Davoult ; B. K. Eriksson ; S. Fraschetti ; C. Gollety ; J. N. Griffin ; S. R. Jenkins ; J. Kotta ; P. Kraufvelin ; M. Molis ; I. Sousa Pinto ; A. Terlizzi ; N. Valdivia ; D. M. Paterson. 2012. Temporal stability of European rocky shore assemblages: variation across a latitudinal gradient and the role of habitat-formers. Oikos, 121: 1801-1809.

Consalvey, M., Vardy, S., Aspden, R. J., Davidson, I. and Paterson, D.M. 2004. Two years in the life of the Eden Estuary: using a toolbox to assess change. Delivering sustainable coasts: connecting science and policy. Cambridge Publications. 355-360.

Crowe, T.P., Cusson, M., Bulleri, F., Davoult, D., Arenas F.,Aspden R.J., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., , Bevilacqua, S., , Davidson, I., Defew, E., , Fraschetti, S., , Golle´ ty, C., , Griffin, J.N., , Herkul, K., Kotta, J., Migne´, A., Molis, M., , Nicol, S.K., Noël, L.M-L.J., Sousa-Pinto, I., Valdivia, N., Vaselli, S., Jenkins, S.R. 2013. Large-Scale Variation in Combined Impacts of Canopy Loss and Disturbance on Community Structure and Ecosystem Functioning. PLoS One, 8(6): e66238.

Cusson, M., Crowe, T.P., Araújo, R., Arenas, F., Aspden R.J., Bulleri, F., Davoult, D., Dyson, K., Fraschetti, S., Herk?l, K., Hubas, C., Jenkins, S., Kotta, J., Kraufvelin, P., J., Migne´, A., Molis, M., Mulholland, O., Noël, L.M-L.J., Paterson, D.M., Saunders, J., Somerfield, P.J., Sousa-Pinto, I., Spilmont, N., Terlizzi, A., Benedetti-Cecchi, L. 2014. Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis. Journal of Sea Research, 98: 5-14.

Eckman, J.E., Andres, M.S., Marinelli, R.L., Bowlin, E., Reid, R.P., Aspden, R. J., and Paterson, D.M. 2008. Wave and sediment dynamics along a shallow subtidal sandy beach inhabited by modern stromatolites. Geobiology, 6: 22–32.

Heip, C., Hummel, H., van Avesaath, P., Arvanitidis, C., Aspden., R., Austen, M., Boero, F., Bouma, T.J., Boxshall, G., Bucholz, F., Crowe, T., Delaney, A., Deprez, T., Emblow, C., Feral, J.P., Gasol, J.M., Gooday, A., Hardy, J., Ianora, A., Kraberg, A., Mackenzie, B., Ojaveer, H., paterson, D., Rumohr, H., Schiedek, D., Sokolowski, A., Somerfield, P., Sousa Pinto, I., Vincx, M., Weslawski, J.M., Nash, R. 2009. Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. ISSN 2009-2539.

Jonsson, P.R., van Duren, L.A., (Amielh, M., Asmus, R., Aspden, R.J., Daunys, D., Friedrichs, M., Friend, P.L., Olivier, F., Pope, N., Precht, E., Sauriau, P.G., and Schaaff, E. 2006. Making water flow: a comparison of the hydrodynamic characteristics of 12 different benthic biological flumes. Aquatic Ecology, 40 (4): 409-438.

Malarkey, J., Baas, J.H., Hope, J.A., Aspden, R.J., Parson, D.R., Peakall, J., Paterson, D.M., Schindler, R.J., Ye, L., Lichtman, I.D., Bass, S.J., Davies, A.G., Manning, A.J., Thorne, P.D. 2015, The Pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development. Doi: 10.1038/ncomms7257.

Parsons, D.R., R.J. Schindler, J.A. Hope, J. Malarkey, J.H. Baas, J. Peakall, A.J. Manning, L. Ye, S. Simmons, D.M. Paterson, R.J. Aspden, S.J. Bass, A.G. Davies, I.D. Lichtman and P.D. Thorne, 2016. The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 1566-1573, doi: 10.1002/2016GL067667. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2016GL067667/full

Paterson, D.M., Aspden, R. J., Visscher, P.T., Consalvey, M., Andres, M., Decho, A.W., Stolz, J., Reid, P.R. 2008. Light-Dependant Biostabilisation of Sediments by Stromatolite Assemblages. PLoS One; 3(9):e3176.

Schindler, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Ye, L., Hope, J. A., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., Manning, A. J., Aspden, R. J., Malarkey, J., Simmons, S., Paterson, D. M., Lichtman, I. D., Davies, A. G., Thorne, P. D. & Bass, S. J. 2015. Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments. Geology, pp339-402.

Stoltz, J.F., Reid, P.R., Visscher, P.T., Decho, A. W., Norman, R.S., Aspden, R. J., Bowlin, E., Franks, J., Foster, J.S.,. Paterson, D.M., Przekop, K.M., GRAHAM J.C. Underwood, G.J.C., and Prufert-Bebout, L. 2009. The microbial communities of the modern marine stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas. Atoll Research Bulletin, 567: 1-29.

Books/Reports

Paterson, D. M., Aspden, R. J. & Reid, P. 2010. Biodynamics of Modern Marine Stromatolites, In:

Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems: Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Seckbach, J. & Oren, A. (eds.). NY: Springer, Vol. 14, p. 223-235

Solan, M., Aspden, R.J., Paterson, D,M. 2012. Marine biodiversity futures and ecosystem functioning: frameworks, methodologies and integration. Oxford University Press.

Paterson, D.M., Aspden, R. J., and Black, K. 2009. Intertidal flats: Ecosytem functioning of soft sediment systems. In: Coastal Wetlands: An Integrated Ecosystem Approach. pp317-338. Elsevier Academic Press

Franks, J., Reid, R.P., Aspden, R.J., Underwood, G.J.C., Paterson, D.M., Prufert-Bebout, L., and Stoltz, J.F. 2010. Ooid Accreting Diatom Communities from the Modern Marine Stromatolites at Highborne Cay, Bahamas, In: Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems: Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Seckbach, J. & Oren, A. (eds.). NY: Springer, Vol. 14, p. 275-285.

[source: Symbiosis]

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Dr Will Miles
Miles, Dr Will: SOTEAG Seabird Monitor

tel: 07511 754554
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email: wtsm@st-andrews.ac.uk

 

Seabird population monitoring, seabird ecology and marine pollution impacts are my focal interests. Based on Shetland, I run the long-term seabird monitoring programme of the Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group (SOTEAG, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews). Key components of my work include quantifying the population dynamics of breeding and wintering seabirds, pollution monitoring and impact assessment, and planning and coordinating wildlife pollution response strategies.

SOTEAG is globally recognised as a model-example environmental advisory organisation, that provides independent scientific monitoring and expert advice to industry and community stakeholders, in the interest of environmentally responsible industrial activity in a distinctive cultural setting and sensitive natural environment.

Please visit our website to find out more about SOTEAG and the ecological monitoring work carried out on Shetland: www.soteag.org.uk

 

History

My professional background is primarily scientific research and monitoring, specialising on seabirds and migratory birds. I have worked in a variety of exciting locations for these groups, for example St Kilda, Fair Isle, Ascension Island and the Falklands. Enabling people to engage with wildlife and science has always been a big part of my working life. Alongside my career as a scientist, working in Cambridge, Glasgow and Aberdeen for example, I have also worked as a reserves warden and wildlife tour guide.

 

Selected publications

Miles, W. T. S., Bolton, M., Davis, P., Dennis, R., Broad, R., Robertson, I., Riddiford, N. J., Harvey, P., Riddington, R., Shaw, D. N., Parnaby, D. & Reid, J. M. 2016. Quantifying full phenological event distributions reveals simultaneous advances, temporal stability and delays in spring and autumn migration timing in long-distance migratory birds. Global Change Biology 23: 1400-1414.

Miles, W. T. S., Mavor, R., Riddiford, N. J., Harvey, P. V., Riddington, R., Shaw, D. N., Parnaby, D. & Reid, J. M.  2015.  Decline in an Atlantic Puffin population: evaluation of magnitude and mechanisms.  PLoS ONE 10(7): e0131527. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131527.

Miles, W. T. S., Parsons, M., Close, A. J., Luxmoore, R., Furness, R. W. 2013. Predator avoidance behaviour in a nocturnal petrel exposed to a novel predator. Ibis 155: 16-31.

Miles, W. T. S., Money, S. L., Luxmoore, R. & Furness, R. W. 2010. Effects of artificial lights and moonlight on petrels at St Kilda. Bird Study 57: 244-251.

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Mr James Rimmer
Rimmer, Mr James: Postgraduate Student

tel: 01334 463469
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Mr James Rimmer
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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I started my PhD with the Sediment Ecology Research Group (SERG) in September 2018. My project is focused on investigating the cumulative effects of multiple stressors, in the context of estuarine systems. Estuarine systems are at the boundary between marine and terrestrial realms, and therefore are exposed to sources of stress arising in both. It is increasingly recognised that stressors may interact non-additively, causing cumulative effects at all levels (from the cell to the ecosystem) to become difficult to extrapolate from individual stressor impact studies.

During my PhD, I will investigate the factors which affect the nature of stressor interactions, as well as identify relevant sets of stressors for which potential synergistic or antagonistic relationships have not been tested. These factors will be related to impacts on ecosystem functioning in depositional estuarine habitats, which are biogenically stabilised through extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) production by intertidal microphytobenthic (MPB) biofilms. The provisioning of estuarine ecosystem functioning and services is closely associated with the condition of this microbial assemblage.

This work will aim to identify potential unexpected declines in system functioning caused by unknown interactions between both global (climate change) and local stressors, and areas for greater returns on conservation investment through informed stressor mitigation.

My supervisors are Professor David Paterson and Dr Andrew Blight (SERG).

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Runnacles Goodridge, Miss Heather: SOTEAG Engagement Officer

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Miss Heather Runnacles Goodridge
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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Wilson, Gracie: Postgraduate Student

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Gracie Wilson
Scottish Oceans Institute
East Sands
University of St Andrews
St Andrews
KY16 8LB
Fife
UK


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