I’ve been involved in three monographs that together go some way to overviewing my main interests.

I published Plant-Animal Communication with Martin Schaefer of the University of Frieburg in 2012. This is a first step towards looking for a general understanding of how plant-animal interactions are mediated through the sensory and cognitive systems of the animals involved.


Avoiding Attack was published in 2004, and co-written with Tom Sherratt of Carleton University and Mike Speed of the University of Liverpool. As usual, I’m interested in sensory aspects of between-species interactions: here focussing on how prey can use camouflage, warning signals and mimicry to influence their predators.


Living In Groups was published in 2002, and co-authored with Jens Krause of Berlin. Predator-prey interactions are a dominant theme of this text, that looks at the selection pressures on animal aggregations.


I have only made one foray into textbook writing, but this has been a highly satisfying collaboration with Nick Colegrave of the University of Edinburgh. In Experimental Design for the Life Sciences, we have tried to help really-stage scientists to design their own empirical investigations well, and also help them critically evaluate the work of other scientists.

Colin Tosh, from Newcastle University, helped me understand how artificial neural networks can be used effectively to study the sensory and cognitive processes of animals. One outcome of this in 2010 was that we co-edited Modelling Perception with Artificial Neural Networks.