Prof Patrick Miller:
Prof Patrick Miller
University of St Andrews
tel: 01334 463554
room: B6 (office). B4/5 (lab)
Sea Mammal Research Unit
Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolution
School of Biology
Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciences
IBANS Animal Cognition
IBANS Behavioural Ecology
Centre for Biological Diversity
Scottish Oceans Institute
Biology Ethics Committee
edit pm29 details
My research focuses on communication and behavioural ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, and how life in the sea affects behaviour and physiology. This research often makes use of novel research tools such as hydrophone arrays to identify which whale within a group is calling, and animal-attached tags. Marine mammals live in a world increasingly affected by anthropogenic activity, and I have conducted several studies of how underwater noise affects behaviour of cetaceans, and the potential that disturbance might lead to lasting harm.
My research focuses on social communication and behavioral ecology of marine mammals. I record and describe the behaviour patterns of marine mammals in order to elucidate their function, often using novel research tools. I seek to unravel how the marine environment and anthropogenic stressors such as sonar might influence foraging, social interactions, swimming behaviour, and body condition.
Novel methods to study body condition of cetaceans at sea
Body condition influences how animals trade-off foraging and anti-predator behaviors, and modulates responses to human disturbance. However, current methods for estimating lipid store body condition in cetaceans are descriptive or do not measure full-body fat stores. In this study, we are working to validate, establish and utilize a novel, non-invasive method to measure total body lipid-stores of free-ranging cetaceans by analysis of their underwater swimming pattern. The results of this study will establish and validate an innovative technique to measure body condition in cetaceans, and examine the interplay of body condition with foraging and anti-predator behaviors and reproductive status of females.
Killer whales in the North Atlantic
Killer whales are generalist predators as a species, but each population seems to be remarkably specialized on certain prey types. This project seeks to describe natural behaviour of killer whales in the North Atlantic, focusing upon interatctions between foraging behaviour, social interactions and acoustic communication of herring-feeding killer whales. Work in this area also seeks to explore interactions of killer whales with other speces, and how killer whales respond to underwater noise.
Effects of noise on cetaceans and other animals
The underwater environment is subject to the input of noise from human activities, but there are wide gaps in our understanding about how noise might affect marine mammals. My work within the international collaboration known as '3S' has focused on describing how several species of cetaceans respond to experimental presentation of sonar and various control sounds including killer whale sounds. To aid in management of this important problem, a key component of this work is to determine the levels of noise at which responses start I am using animal models ranging from the fruit fly D montana to long-finned pilot whale to explore how noise influences communication systems and how signallers might respond to noise within ecological and evolutionary time scales.
5 (of 95 published available) for pm29. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.
Tomoko Narazaki, Saana Isojunno, Douglas P. Nowacek, Ari S. Friedlaender, Christian Ramp, Sophie Caroline Smout, Kagari Aoki, Volker Bernt Deecke, Katsufumi Sato, Patrick Miller
Keywords: QH301 BiologyDAS
Frontiers in Physiology
Saana Isojunno, Kagari Aoki, Charlotte Curé, Peter Kvadsheim, Patrick Miller
Keywords: Aerobic diving limit, Anthropogenic noise, Code:R, Dtag, Field Metabolic Rate (FMR), Globicephala melas, Respiratory rate, SonarQH301 Biology, QP PhysiologyDAS
Journal of Applied Ecology
Catriona M Harris, Len Thomas, Erin Falcone, John Hildebrand, Dorian Houser, Petter Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Patrick Miller, David J. Moretti, Andrew Read, Hans Slabbekoorn, Brandon L. Southall, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Douglas Wartzok, Vincent Janik
Keywords: Sonar, Cetaceans, Human disturbance, Impact assessment, Anti-predator response, Anthropogenic noise, Behavioural response, Marine mammals, Dose responseQH301 Biology
Filipa Isabel Pereira Samarra, Patrick Miller
Keywords: Ecological context, Hierarchical structure, Killer whale, Multilevel societies, Orca, Social structureGE Environmental Sciences, QH301 Biology, QL ZoologyNDAS
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Petter H Kvadsheim, Stacy DeRuiter, Lise D Sivle, Jeremy Goldbogen, Rune Roland-Hansen, Patrick Miller, Frans-Peter A Lam, John Calambokidis, Ari Friedlaender, Fleur Visser, Peter Lloyd Tyack, Lars Kleivane, Brandon Southall
Keywords: Behavioural response, Naval sonar, Minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, North Pacific, North AtlanticGC Oceanography, QH301 BiologyNDAS