Biology Online Module Handbook

BL2304 Invertebrate Zoology

(BL2304 online module handbook version 52)

cover image

image: A trap jaw ant of the genus Odontomachus. Photograph courtesy Melvyn Yeo.

The vast majority of animals are invertebrates - they do not have backbones. This module surveys the major invertebrate groups, emphasizing the diversity of body plans while demonstrating how the common functional requirements such as feeding, reproduction, respiration and excretion are achieved. The module starts with the simplest animals such as sponges and jellyfish, and considers how these primitive animals may have arisen from non-animal ancestors. It continues with a description of the several groups of worms, and the molluscs and arthropods. The last major group discussed are the echinoderms, which are close invertebrate relatives to vertebrate animals such as ourselves. The economic, social, and scientific impact that invertebrates have on human society is identified. The evolutionary relations between the various groups is the common thread that binds this diversity into a coherent story. A series of practical exercises reinforces and complements the lecture component of this module.*

Credits: 15*

Semester: 1

Module Organiser
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
imls@st-andrews.ac.uk
01334 463628
Pre-requisite Modules:
Before taking this module you must pass BL1101 and pass BL1102*
Anti-requisite Modules:
You cannot take this module if you take BL2102*
Post-requisite Modules:
*
Additional Module Information:


Biology Teaching Office:
The Biology Hive, New Technology Centre, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SR

Email: bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk      Tel: 01334  463602

BL2304: Timetable

Legend (not all modules have every event type):
lecture
tutorial
workshop
practical
other

Semester 1: Week 1

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
16-09-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L1: Course introduction
2019-20_BL2304_L1
Tuesday
17-09-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Dave Ferrier
-
Lecture L2: Animal origins - choanoflagellates and sponges
2019-20_BL2304_L2
Wednesday
18-09-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Dave Ferrier
-
Lecture L3: Diploblastic animals - Cnidaria
2019-20_BL2304_L3

Semester 1: Week 2

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
23-09-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Dave Ferrier
-
Lecture L4: Methodologies of phylogenetics - early animals to bilaterian origins
2019-20_BL2304_L4
Tuesday
24-09-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Dave Ferrier
-
Lecture L5: Acoelous flatworms and early bilaterians
2019-20_BL2304_L5
Thursday
26-09-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Bute Building
Bell Pettigrew Museum
Dr Iain Matthews
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Practical P1: Museum biodiversity
2019-20_BL2304_P1
https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/museum/bellpettigrew/
Friday
27-09-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Bute Building
Bell Pettigrew Museum
Dr Iain Matthews
Dr Grant Brown
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Practical P2: Museum biodiversity
2019-20_BL2304_P2
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 3

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
30-09-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Miguel Barbosa
-
Lecture L6: Invertebrate biodiversity I
2019-20_BL2304_L6
Tuesday
01-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Miguel Barbosa
-
Lecture L7: Invertebrate biodiversity II
2019-20_BL2304_L7
Wednesday
02-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Miguel Barbosa
-
Lecture L8: Sampling methods for invertebrates
2019-20_BL2304_L8

Semester 1: Week 4

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
07-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Julie Oswald
-
Lecture L9: Annelids I
2019-20_BL2304_L9
Tuesday
08-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Julie Oswald
-
Lecture L10: Annelids II
2019-20_BL2304_L10
Thursday
10-10-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Grant Brown
Dr Miguel Barbosa
Mrs Maureen Cunningham
Mrs Penny Hood
Mr Alasdair Stenhouse
Practical P3: Sampling small invertebrates
2019-20_BL2304_P3
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
11-10-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Grant Brown
Dr Miguel Barbosa
Mrs Maureen Cunningham
Mrs Penny Hood
Mr Alasdair Stenhouse
Practical P4: Sampling small invertebrates
2019-20_BL2304_P4
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 5

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
14-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Verena Dietrich-Bischoff
-
Lecture L11: Arthropods I
2019-20_BL2304_L11
Tuesday
15-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Verena Dietrich-Bischoff
-
Lecture L12: Arthropods II
2019-20_BL2304_L12
Wednesday
16-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Verena Dietrich-Bischoff
-
Lecture L13: Arthropods III
2019-20_BL2304_L13

Semester 1: Week 7

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
28-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Iain Matthews
-
Lecture L14: Molluscs I
2019-20_BL2304_L14
Tuesday
29-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Iain Matthews
-
Lecture L15: Molluscs II
2019-20_BL2304_L15
Wednesday
30-10-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L16: Summary
2019-20_BL2304_L16
In class formative quiz
Thursday
31-10-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Dr Grant Brown
Mrs Maureen Cunningham
Mrs Penny Hood
Mr Alasdair Stenhouse
Practical P5: Identifying invertebrates: mounting, fixing and staining specimens
2019-20_BL2304_P5
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
01-11-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Dr Grant Brown
Mrs Maureen Cunningham
Mrs Penny Hood
Mr Alasdair Stenhouse
Practical P6: Identifying invertebrates: mounting, fixing and staining specimen
2019-20_BL2304_P6
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 8

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
04-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Iain Matthews
-
Lecture L17: Deuterostome origins
2019-20_BL2304_L17
Tuesday
05-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Iain Matthews
-
Lecture L18: Echinoderm diversity
2019-20_BL2304_L18

Semester 1: Week 9

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
11-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L19: Invertebrate chordates and vertebrate origins
2019-20_BL2304_L19
Tuesday
12-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L20: Special topic: senses I
2019-20_BL2304_L20
Wednesday
13-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L21: Special topic: senses II
2019-20_BL2304_L21
Thursday
14-11-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Dr Grant Brown
Mrs Maureen Cunningham
Mrs Penny Hood
Mr Alasdair Stenhouse
Practical P7: Specialised microscopical methods: confocal and SEM
2019-20_BL2304_P7
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
15-11-2019
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Dr Grant Brown
Mrs Maureen Cunningham
Mrs Penny Hood
Mr Alasdair Stenhouse
Practical P8: Specialised microscopical methods: confocal and SEM
2019-20_BL2304_P8
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 10

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
18-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre C
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L22: Special topic: eusociality and group living
2019-20_BL2304_L22
Tuesday
19-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre C
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L23: Special topic: adaptations to extreme environments
2019-20_BL2304_L23

Semester 1: Week 11

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
25-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L24: Special topic: parasitism
2019-20_BL2304_L24
Tuesday
26-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Lecture L25: Invertebrate impacts on the world
2019-20_BL2304_L25
Wednesday
27-11-2019
11:00 to 12:00
Mathematical Institute
Lecture Theatre A
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
-
Other O1: Module overview, exam prep and MEQ
2019-20_BL2304_O1
Thursday
28-11-2019
14:00 to 17:00
New Technology Centre
The Hive
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Dr Verena Dietrich-Bischoff
Practical P9: Poster session
2019-20_BL2304_P9
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
29-11-2019
14:00 to 17:00
New Technology Centre
The Hive
Dr Ildiko Somorjai
Dr Verena Dietrich-Bischoff
Practical P10: Poster session
2019-20_BL2304_P10
Attend on assigned lab day
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

BL2304: Assessment

2-hour Written Examination = 50%, Coursework = 50%*

(MMS assessment data cached: 22 March 2020 23:20:05.)


The following related information applies to all Biology modules:

School of Biology Marking Criteria: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
Late submission of continuous assessment work:

All late submissions of coursework that do not require electronic submission should be made via the late submissions box in the Biomolecular Science Building (beside the Teaching Office)
Exam details: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
Exam timetable: see http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/students/academic/examinations/examtimetablescurrent/
Expected attendance: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook for detailed attendance requirements.
Good Academic Practice & Avoiding Academic Misconduct: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
University Student Handbook: University Student Handbook
School and University regulations in the School and University Undergraduate Handbook relating to absence reporting, penalties and rules for late submission of work, extensions for coursework, return of coursework, S-coding, good academic practice and Academic Alerts.: School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
University Student Handbook
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

Who to ask

(Information in this section applies to all Biology Modules)

Questions about different aspects of the module should be directed to different people:

Questions about Contact
General teaching matters Biology Teaching Office ( bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk )
Rescheduled or cancelled events Check your University email
Lecture or practical content The lecturer who presented the material
Completing assessed practical assignments The lecturer who set the assignment
Completing assessments Module Organiser (Dr Ildiko Somorjai imls@st-andrews.ac.uk)
Marking on continuous assessment The Demonstrator or Module Organiser (Dr Ildiko Somorjai imls@st-andrews.ac.uk)
Marking on exams Module Organiser (Dr Ildiko Somorjai imls@st-andrews.ac.uk)
Rearranging practical days Grant Brown
Absence and/or extensions Module Organiser (Dr Ildiko Somorjai imls@st-andrews.ac.uk)

and the Biology Teaching Office ( bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk )

Difficulties with academic progress which impact more than one module:

Year Coordinator

See School of Biology Undergraduate student handbook for list:
http://biology.st-andrews.ac.uk/documents/UndergraduateHandbook.pdf

Overall performance, progress or future directions:

Advisor of Studies

Disability:

Disability Coordinator (Dr Jacqueline Nairn jn37@st-andrews.ac.uk)

For advice and support on any issue e.g. academic, financial, international, personal or health matters, or if you are unsure of who to go to for help:

Advice & Support Centre

Address: 79 North Street, St Andrews

Email: theasc@st-andrews.ac.uk

Web: https://www.standrews.ac.uk/ask-a-question/

Tel: 01334 462020

University assistance with urgent matters out of office hours:

Tel: 01334 476161

Web: https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/students/advice/counselling/incrisis/

Biology Teaching Office:

We are happy to hear from you about teaching matters. The School of Biology Teaching Office is open Monday to Friday 09.00 - 13.00 and 14.00 - 17.00. School of Biology staff will respond to your emails during these hours. Our team will provide a response to you within three working days.

Biology Teaching Office, The Biology Hive, New Technology Centre, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SR

Email: bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk

Tel: 01334 463602/3566

BL2304: Contributing Staff

Dr Ildiko  Somorjai

Dr Ildiko Somorjai
(Module Organiser)

Senior Lecturer MASTSimls@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Miguel BarbosaDr Miguel BarbosaAssociate Lecturer (Education Focussed)mb334@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Grant BrownDr Grant BrownLead Demonstratorgrb31@st-andrews.ac.uk
Mrs Maureen CunninghamTeaching Technicianmac11@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Verena Dietrich-BischoffDr Verena Dietrich-BischoffLecturer (Education-Focused)vdb@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Dave FerrierDr Dave FerrierReader in Biology and Deputy Director of the Scottish Oceans Institutedekf@st-andrews.ac.uk
Mrs Penny HoodTeaching Technicianpah21@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Iain MatthewsDr Iain MatthewsSenior Teaching Fellow & Pro-Dean for the Faculty of Scienceimm7@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Julie OswaldDr Julie OswaldLecturer (Education Focused)jno@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Ildiko  SomorjaiDr Ildiko Somorjai
(Module Organiser)
Senior Lecturer MASTSimls@st-andrews.ac.uk
Mr Alasdair StenhouseMr Alasdair StenhouseLaboratory Teaching Technicianajs3@st-andrews.ac.uk
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

BL2304: Learning Outcomes

Students completing module BL2304 successfully should be able to:

  • Achieve an overview of animal phylogeny, including the origins of animals themselves, and the major divisions within the animal kingdom
  • Appreciate the main methodologies and controversies associated with determining phylogenetic relationships
  • Identify the defining features of the key invertebrate groups
  • Appreciate how representatives from the key invertebrate groups carry out basic animal functions in similar or different ways
  • Appreciate the economic, social, and scientific impact that invertebrates have on human society
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

BL2304: Acquired Skills

Practical Skills

  • Field sampling methods (Invertebrates)
  • Biological drawing and photography
  • Compound Microscopy
  • Fixing and preserving specimens
  • Pipetting
  • Species identification (Invertebrates)
  • Stereomicroscopy

Transferable Skills

  • Preparing group poster on given topic
  • Q+A poster session
  • "Short" practical write-up (e.g. completed worksheet)
  • Handout (for presentation or poster)
  • Summary
  • Critically evaluating sources/information
  • Finding information from museums
  • Finding information on the web
  • Finding literature
  • Referencing
  • Data analysis
  • Data presentation
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Dilutions
  • Produce graphs/figures
  • Significant figures
  • Lab or field notebook
  • Generate class dataset
  • Organising group work
  • Working in pairs/small groups
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

Policies

(Information in this section applies to all Biology Modules)