Biology Online Module Handbook

BL2304 Invertebrate Zoology

(BL2304 online module handbook version 21)

cover image

image: A trap jaw ant of the genus Odontomachus. Photograph courtesy Melvyn Yeo.

The vast majority of animals are invertebrates - they do not have backbones. This module surveys the major invertebrate groups, emphasizing the diversity of body plans while demonstrating how the common functional requirements such as feeding, reproduction, respiration and excretion are achieved. The module starts with the simplest animals such as sponges and jellyfish, and considers how these primitive animals may have arisen from non-animal ancestors. It continues with a description of the several groups of worms, and the molluscs and arthropods. The last major group discussed are the echinoderms, which are close invertebrate relatives to vertebrate animals such as ourselves. The economic, social, and scientific impact that invertebrates have on human society is identified. The evolutionary relations between the various groups is the common thread that binds this diversity into a coherent story. A series of practical exercises reinforces and complements the lecture component of this module.*

Credits: 15*

Semester: 1

Module Organiser
Dr Bill Heitler
wjh@st-andrews.ac.uk
01334 463490
Pre-requisite Modules:
BEFORE TAKING THIS MODULE YOU MUST PASS BL1101 AND PASS BL1102. BEFORE TAKING THIS MODULE YOU SHOULD PASS BL1101 AND PASS BL1102*
Anti-requisite Modules:
IN TAKING THIS MODULE YOU CANNOT TAKE BL2102. IN TAKING THIS MODULE YOU CANNOT TAKE BL2102*
Post-requisite Modules:
BL3309, BL3315, BL3316, BL3318, BL3323*
Additional Module Information:
Please check MMS regularly for additional module information


Biology Teaching Office:
Room 1.17, Biomolecular Sciences Building, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST

Email: bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk      Tel: 01334  463602

BL2304: Timetable

Legend (not all modules have every event type):
lecture
tutorial
workshop
practical
other

Semester 1: Week 1

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
18-09-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L1: Course introduction
2017-8_BL2304_L1
Tuesday
19-09-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Bute Building
Bell Pettigrew Museum
Dr Iain Matthews

Workshop W1: Tour of museum
2017-8_BL2304_W1
https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/museum/bellpettigrew/
Wednesday
20-09-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Dave Ferrier

Lecture L2: Animal origins - choanoflagellates and sponges
2017-8_BL2304_L2

Semester 1: Week 2

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
25-09-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Dave Ferrier

Lecture L3: Diploblastic animals - Cnidaria and Ctenophora
2017-8_BL2304_L3
Tuesday
26-09-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Dave Ferrier

Lecture L4: Methodologies of phylogenetics - early animals to bilaterian origins
2017-8_BL2304_L4
Thursday
28-09-2017
14:00 to 15:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Dave Ferrier

Lecture L5: Acoelous flatworms and early bilaterians
2017-8_BL2304_L5
duplicated on Friday
Thursday
28-09-2017
15:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Dave Ferrier

Practical P1: Sea anemone specimens (not assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P1
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
29-09-2017
14:00 to 15:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Dave Ferrier

Other O1: Acoelous flatworms and early bilaterians
2017-8_BL2304_O1
Duplicate of lecture on Thursday
Friday
29-09-2017
15:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Dave Ferrier

Practical P2: Sea anemone specimens (not assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P2
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 3

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
02-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Dave Ferrier

Lecture L6: Nematodes - a model system and an introduction to the Ecdysozoa
2017-8_BL2304_L6
Tuesday
03-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L7: Arthropods - the major groups, and the importance of hard cuticle
2017-8_BL2304_L7
Wednesday
04-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L8: Insects 1
2017-8_BL2304_L8

Semester 1: Week 4

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
09-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L9: Insects 2
2017-8_BL2304_L9
Tuesday
10-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L10: Rapid movements by small animals
2017-8_BL2304_L10
Thursday
12-10-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Bill Heitler

Practical P3: Energetics of jumping grasshoppers (assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P3
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
13-10-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Bill Heitler

Practical P4: Energetics of jumping grasshoppers (assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P4
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 5

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
16-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L11: Crustaceans 1
2017-8_BL2304_L11
Tuesday
17-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L12: Crustaceans 2
2017-8_BL2304_L12
Wednesday
18-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Bill Heitler

Lecture L13: Chelicerates - from marine to terrestrial, spiders etc
2017-8_BL2304_L13

Semester 1: Week 7

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Tuesday
31-10-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L14: Platyhelminthes
2017-8_BL2304_L14
Wednesday
01-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L15: Annelids 1
2017-8_BL2304_L15
Thursday
02-11-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Prof Clare Peddie

Practical P5: Annelid locomotion and anatomy (not assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P5
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
03-11-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Prof Clare Peddie

Practical P6: Annelid locomotion and anatomy (not assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P6
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 8

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
06-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L16: Annelids 2
2017-8_BL2304_L16
Tuesday
07-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L17: Hydrostatic skeletons
2017-8_BL2304_L17

Semester 1: Week 9

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
13-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L18: Molluscs 1 (gastropods)
2017-8_BL2304_L18
Tuesday
14-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L19: Molluscs 2 (bivalves)
2017-8_BL2304_L19
Wednesday
15-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre De C
Prof Clare Peddie

Lecture L20: Molluscs 3 (cephalopods)
2017-8_BL2304_L20
Thursday
16-11-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Prof Clare Peddie

Practical P7: Dissection of the garden snail (assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P7
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
17-11-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Prof Clare Peddie

Practical P8: Dissection of the garden snail (assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P8
Attend on assigned lab day

Semester 1: Week 10

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
20-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Iain Matthews

Lecture L21: Some weird worms; and an introduction to basic echinoderm structure
2017-8_BL2304_L21
Tuesday
21-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Iain Matthews

Lecture L22: Echinoderm diversity and peculiarity
2017-8_BL2304_L22

Semester 1: Week 11

DATE & TIMEVENUESTAFFEVENT
Monday
27-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Iain Matthews

Lecture L23: Other deuterostomes, and the enigmatic lophophorates
2017-8_BL2304_L23
Tuesday
28-11-2017
11:00 to 12:00
Purdie Building
Lecture Theatre D
Dr Iain Matthews

Lecture L24: Protochordates and origins of true chordates
2017-8_BL2304_L24
Thursday
30-11-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Iain Matthews

Practical P9: Anatomy of a starfish (not assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P9
Attend on assigned lab day
Friday
01-12-2017
14:00 to 17:00
Medical and Biological Sciences Building
Biology Lab
Dr Iain Matthews

Practical P10: Anatomy of a starfish (not assessed)
2017-8_BL2304_P10
Attend on assigned lab day
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

BL2304: Reading List

Click for BL2304 reading list

BL2304: Assessment

2-hour Written Examination = 50%, Coursework = 50%*

Assessment:
jump spreadsheet
Due by:
19/10/2017 18:00
Feedback due by:
09/11/2017 18:00
Type:
Single Upload
Weight:
0%
Assessment:
Grasshopper jumping
Due by:
19/10/2017 18:00
Feedback due by:
09/11/2017 18:00
Type:
Single Upload
Weight:
50%
Assessment:
Helix dissection
Due by:
16/11/2017 17:00
Feedback due by:
07/12/2017 17:00
Type:
Paper Hand-in
Weight:
50%

(MMS assessment data cached: 17 November 2017 23:20:14.)


The following related information applies to all Biology modules:

School of Biology Marking Criteria: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
Late submission of continuous assessment work:

All late submissions of coursework that do not require electronic submission should be made via the late submissions box in the Biomolecular Science Building (beside the Teaching Office)
Exam details: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
Exam timetable: see http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/students/academic/examinations/examtimetablescurrent/
Expected attendance: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook for detailed attendance requirements.
Good Academic Practice & Avoiding Academic Misconduct: See School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook
University Student Handbook: University Student Handbook
School and University regulations in the School and University Undergraduate Handbook relating to absence reporting, penalties and rules for late submission of work, extensions for coursework, return of coursework, S-coding, good academic practice and Academic Alerts.: School of Biology Undergraduate Handbook University Student Handbook
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

Who to ask

(Information in this section applies to all Biology Modules)

Questions about different aspects of the module should be directed to different people:

Questions about Contact
General teaching matters Biology Teaching Office ( bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk )
Rescheduled or cancelled events Check your University email
Lecture or practical content The lecturer who presented the material
Completing assessed practical assignments The lecturer who set the assignment
Completing assessments Module Organiser (Dr Bill Heitler wjh@st-andrews.ac.uk)
Marking on continuous assessment The Demonstrator or Module Organiser (Dr Bill Heitler wjh@st-andrews.ac.uk)
Marking on exams Module Organiser (Dr Bill Heitler wjh@st-andrews.ac.uk)
Rearranging practical days Grant Brown
Absence and/or extensions Module Organiser (Dr Bill Heitler wjh@st-andrews.ac.uk) and the Biology Teaching Office ( bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk )

Difficulties with academic progress which impact more than one module:

Year Coordinator

See School of Biology Undergraduate student handbook for list: http://biology.st-andrews.ac.uk/documents/UndergraduateHandbook.pdf

Overall performance, progress or future directions:

Advisor of Studies

Disability:

Disability Coordinator (Dr Jacqueline Nairn jn37@st-andrews.ac.uk)

Biology Teaching Office:

Room 1.17, Biomolecular Sciences Building, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST

Email: bioteach@st-andrews.ac.uk

Tel: 01334 463602

BL2304: Contributing Staff

Dr Bill Heitler

Dr Bill Heitler
(Module Organiser)

Readerwjh@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Dave FerrierDr Dave FerrierReaderdekf@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Bill HeitlerDr Bill Heitler
(Module Organiser)
Readerwjh@st-andrews.ac.uk
Dr Iain MatthewsDr Iain MatthewsSenior Teaching Fellow & Pro-Dean for the Faculty of Scienceimm7@st-andrews.ac.uk
Prof Clare PeddieProf Clare PeddieHead of Schoolcmp@st-andrews.ac.uk
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

BL2304: Learning Outcomes

Students completing module BL2304 successfully should be able to:

  • Achieve an overview of animal phylogeny, including the origins of animals themselves, and the major divisions within the animal kingdom
  • Appreciate the main methodologies and controversies associated with determining phylogenetic relationships
  • Identify the defining features of the key invertebrate groups
  • Appreciate how representatives from the key invertebrate groups carry out basic animal functions in similar or different ways
  • Appreciate the economic, social, and scientific impact that invertebrates have on human society
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

BL2304: Acquired Skills

Practical Skills

  • Biological drawing and photography

Transferable Skills

  • "Short" practical write-up (e.g. completed worksheet)
  • Finding information from museums
  • Calculations/equations
  • Data analysis
  • Data presentation
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Produce graphs/figures
  • Significant figures
  • Use Excel
  • Generate class dataset
  • Working in pairs/small groups
Data Sources: information in this online module handbook is gathered from several sources.
Small footnote marks beside content, or by section titles indicate the source.
* University of St Andrews Module Catalogue
School of Biology Symbiosis Database (module organisers only)
University of St Andrews MMS (St Andrews users only)

Policies

(Information in this section applies to all Biology Modules)